: a group of people who live outside the area
in which they had lived for a long time
or in which their ancestors lived
: the movement, migration, or scattering
of a people away from an established
or ancestral homeland
: people settled far from
their ancestral homelands
Smithsonian Folkways – Sing For Freedom: The Story of the Civil Rights Movement Through Its Songs – Various Artists and Related Lesson Plans: “South Africa, Free At Last:The Freedom Songs of South Africa and the Civil Rights Movement in America”
Between 1840 and 1860, before the American Civil War, enslaved Africans followed the North Star on the Underground Railroad to find freedom in Canada.
It was through the dynamic created by the resistance of Africans, both enslaved and free, and the position of others opposed to slavery based on ideas of equality, that the abolition of enslavement was finally achieved throughout the British controlled world, including Canada, on August 1, 1834.
Black History Month provides an opportunity to share and learn about the experiences, contributions and achievements of peoples of African ancestry. It was initiated in Canada by the Ontario Black History Society, which was founded in 1978.
The old folks tell me that, if I don’t know where I come from, it is impossible to chart where I am going. There is a lot of wisdom (and years of therapy) in that idiom. We are perpetually in a state of becoming as People of African Descent. Taken from the West Coast of Africa and shipped around the world as though we were farming implements, it is sometimes difficult to look back because of the scaring to the psyche that remembering the past reveals. Yet look back we must if we are to live into our God given potential.
The more I live, the more I understand another idiom — “we are the children of those who chose to survive.” My back, though scarred, is not bowed but strengthened. My mind, though wounded, is not diminished but honed.
Join me on the voyage through the African Diaspora (see resources below) and onward to the MCC Conference for People of African Descent 15-17 May 2014 ( padconference.mccchurch.org). Regardless of your ethnicity, let us together discover something new about how broadly the seeds of life from People of African Descent have been sown, about ourselves as the fruit of that wide planting, and the potential harvest to come from Be(ing) the Change the world so desperately needs.
I will Be the Change I can be in this world. Will you join me?
Rev. Vickey Gibbs, Office of Emerging Ministries
As an African American girl growing up in Newark, Ohio, Julieanna Richardson recalls that the sum of her education about contributions of black Americans had to do with “slavery and George Washington Carver.” Her experience motivated her to found The HistoryMakers, a non-profit research and educational organization committed to preserving and making widely accessible the untold personal stories of both well-known and unsung African Americans. Today The HistoryMakers houses the nation’s largest African American oral history collection of its kind. You can search the rich database and view biographies and oral histories of a variety of well-known and lesser-known people who have made rich contributions to our nation’s history.
The People of African Descent Diasporia – Black in Latin America
The African Heritage in Latin America
Primary and secondary sources related to the African presence in Latin American countries.
Fordham University | The Internet Modern History Sourcebook
Primary and secondary sources related to Colonial Latin America, 19th-century Latin America, and 20th-century Latin America.
Latin American Resources
A collection of online sources compiled by Dr. Antonio Rafael de la Cova.
New York University | Lesson Plan: Race and Government Policy in Revolutionary Cuba
A lesson plan created by by Karen Michels, of the Beacon School, as part of the CLACS (Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies) Teacher Residency Program.
University of Texas | LANIC: Latin American Network Information Center
A detailed list of Latin American resources, indexed by country and by topic.
University of Washington | History: Latin America
A research guide to primary and secondary sources for Latin American history.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Black in Latin America. New York: NYU Press, 2011.
Andrews, George Reid. Afro-Latin America 1800-2000. Oxford University Press, 2004.
Barnet, Miguel. Afro-Cuban Religions. Markus Wiener Publishing Inc., 1995.
Bronfman, Alejandra. Measures of Equality: Social Science, Citizenship, and Race in Cuba, 1902-1940. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2004.
Brown, Karen McCarthy. Mama Lola: a Vodou Priestess in Brooklyn. Berkeley: University of California, 2001.
Candelario, Ginetta E. B. Black behind the Ears: Dominican Racial Identity from Museums to Beauty Shops. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.
Davis, Darien J. (ed). Beyond Slavery: the Multilayered Legacy of Africans in Latin America and the Caribbean. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.
Dubois, Laurent, and John D. Garrigus. Slave Revolution in the Caribbean, 1789-1804: a Brief History with Documents. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006.
Ferrer, Ada. Insurgent Cuba: Race, Nation, and Revolution, 1868-1898. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 1999.
Fuente, Alejandro De La. A Nation for All: Race, Inequality, and Politics in Twentieth-Century Cuba. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2001.
Gonzalez, Anita. Afro-Mexico: Dancing between Myth and Reality. Austin: University of Texas, 2010.
Guridy, Frank Andre. Forging Diaspora: Afro-Cubans and African Americans in a World of Empire and Jim Crow. The University of North Carolina Press, 2010.
Hanchard, Michael George. Racial Politics in Contemporary Brazil. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 1999.
Hernández, Cuevas Marco Polo, and Jackson, Richard L. African Mexicans and the Discourse on Modern Nation. Dallas: University of America, 2004.
Klein, Herbert S. and Vinson, Ben. African Slavery in Latin America and the Caribbean. Oxford University Press. 1988.
Minority Rights Group (eds). No Longer Invisible: Afro-Latin Americans Today. London: Minority Rights Publications, 1995.
Moore, Robin. Nationalizing Blackness: Afrocubanismo and Artistic Revolution in Havana, 1920-1940. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh, 1997.
Moya, Pons Frank. The Dominican Republic: a National History. Princeton, NJ: Markus Wiener, 2010.
Nicholls, David. From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour, and National Independence in Haiti. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1996.
Pérez-Sarduy, Pedro & Stubbs, Jean. Afro-Cuban Voices: On Race and Identity in Contemporary Cuba. University Press of Florida, 2000
Sawyer, Mark Q. Racial Politics in Post-revolutionary Cuba. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2006.
Scott, Rebecca J. Slave Emancipation in Cuba. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh, 2000.
Simmons, Kimberly Eison. Reconstructing Racial Identity and the African past in the Dominican Republic. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida, 2009.
Telles, Edward Eric. Race in Another America: the Significance of Skin Color in Brazil. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP, 2004.
Thomas, Hugh. The Conquest of Mexico. London: Pimlico, 1994.
Velázquez, Gutiérrez María Elisa. Mujeres De Origen Africa no En La Capital Novohispana, Siglos XVII Y XVIII. México, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 2006.
Vinson, Ben, and Matthew Restall. Black Mexico: Race and Society from Colonial to Modern Times. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico, 2009.
Wucker, Michele. Why the Cocks Fight: Dominicans, Haitians, and the Struggle for Hispaniola. New York: Hill and Wang, 2000.
The Zuna Institute (a national advocacy organization for Black lesbians)
National Black Justice Coalition (a Black GLBT civil rights advocacy group)